On Friday 8th September 2017, Prince Charles will become the longest serving Prince of Wales in British history. He will surpass his great great grandfather, King Edward VII who served as Prince of Wales for 21,594 days (59 years, 1 month and 14 days). Albert Edward was the first son to be born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and was created Prince of Wales at just 1 month old. The current Prince of Wales, Prince Charles was a few months short of his tenth birthday when he was created Prince of Wales. It would be another 11 years until his investiture at Caernarfon Castle.
The title, Prince of Wales dates back to 12th century and is granted to the heir apparent of the British throne. The title is not hereditary and must be granted by the Sovereign. It is interesting to note there has never been a Princess of Wales in her own right, she has always been the wife of the Prince of Wales. For example, Queen Elizabeth II was never titled Princess of Wales as she was Heiress presumptive not apparent.